There are a few scenarios in which you can remove the funds from your employer sponsored retirement plan.
- Separation from Service
- Distributions after the age of 59 1/2
- Hardship Distributions
- Required Minimum Distribution
Distribution Option Details:
Separation from Service
In the event that an employee separates from an employer, for any reason, there are several options the employee can consider in deciding what to do with a 401 (k) balance.
- Leave the funds in the plan - In many cases the separated employee is allowed to keep the 401(k) money in the plan as long as the balance is at least $5,000.
- Cash Out - A separated employee can request the funds be issued to them directly. This is a taxable event and will impact the taxable income for the year in which the distribution is received. The IRS assesses a 10% penalty for early withdrawal (prior to age 59½). Further, the 401(k) plan provider will be required to withhold 20% for federal income taxes and applicable state income taxes, depending upon state of residence. Additionally, the employee will receive a 1099R the following tax season that will state that the entire distribution was taxable income.
- Rollover to new employers plan - One way to preserve the tax-qualified status of your retirement account is to roll the balance to your new employer’s retirement plan. While most employer plans allow new employees to roll their accounts in, it’s important that you ask first to be sure. The employee will receive a 1099R reporting the distribution was processed but is not taxable in the year it was processed.
- Rollover to an IRA - Another option to preserve the tax-qualified status of your retirement account is to roll the funds into and Individual Retirement Account (IRA). The employee will receive a 1099R reporting the distribution was processed but is not taxable in the year it was processed.
Distribution after the age of 59 1/2
Many plans allow an employee to receive funds after the age of 59 1/2 regardless of employment status. If this is allowable in the plan the employee has the same distribution options as separation of service withdrawal (except rollover to new employer plan).
Hardship distributions can be made on account of an immediate and heavy financial need of the employee, and the amount must be necessary to satisfy the financial need. For additional information and rules regarding these types of withdrawals please see: Hardship Withdrawals.
Required Minimum Distribution
Once a plan participant reaches the age of 72 and is no longer employed, they are legally required to take a Required Minimum Distribution (RMD). RMD's taken late are taxed at a rate of 50%.
The RMD amount is based on the preceding December 31 value of the account and life expectancy tables.
First Year RMDs: When you are required to take your first RMD, you will receive a notification in the year in which you reach 72 (or terminate employment if older) that will include the amount of the RMD.
Subsequent Year RMDs: Once the initial RMD is processed, future RMD's will be processed automatically in the same manner. The RMD will be calculated and processed automatically each year prior to 12/31.
If you are unsure of your withdrawal options or have questions you can contact us.